Use a <learningContentRef> element to include a topic reference to a learning content topic as part of a DITA <learningObject> element.

By default, a <learningContentRef> is expected to link to a <learningContent> topic. However, a <learningContentRef> can link to content of any type that you want to use as a learning content in a learning object. In this way, you can structure any existing DITA content as a learning object, and then take advantage of the learning-specific processing available for building and packaging that content for delivery in a learning system or learning context.

The presentation intent for <learningContent> is that the topic be presented as an atomic unit of presentation, for example, as required by SCORM delivery requirements. Thus the default value for the @chunk attribute is "to-content". You can use <learningContentComponentRef> elements to include subordinate topics.

Content models

See appendix for information about this element in OASIS document type shells.


+ map/topicref learningmap-d/learningContentRef


See learningObject.


The following attributes are available on this element: Universal attribute group, Link relationship attribute group (with narrowed definitions of @href and @format, given below), Attributes common to many map elements (without the @collection-type attribute, and with a narrowed definition of @chunk, given below), Topicref element attributes group, @outputclass, @keys, and @keyref.

A pointer to the resource represented by the <topicref>. See The @href attribute for detailed information on supported values and processing implications. References to DITA content cannot be below the topic level: that is, you cannot reference individual elements inside a topic. References to content other than DITA topics should use the @format attribute to identify the kind of resource being referenced.
On this element, the @format attribute has a default value of "dita", because it usually links to DITA learning topics. If linking to something other than DITA, set the @format attribute as described in The @format attribute.
On this element, the @chunk attribute has a default value of "to-content", which causes the current branch of content to be published as a single unit. See Chunking for more information and for details on other supported values.

Was this helpful?